We begin our Psalm 3 commentary with a look at the confidence in God’s protection and deliverance. Let’s get started!

Note: Psalm 3 is a psalm of lamentation that expresses King David’s distress, yet, trust in God during a time of conflict.

Psalm 3 commentary – introduction

In this psalm, David is reflecting on his numerous troubles, seeks refuge in God Almighty, affirms his firm trust in God’s protection and salvation, and encourages others to do the same.

In a nutshell, Psalm 3 offers insight into the human experience of suffering and the comfort that can be found in putting our trust in God.

This Psalm 3 commentary will examine the historical context, literary structure, key themes, key verses, interpretation, and relevance for Christians of today.

Psalm 3 Commentary – confidence in God’s protection and deliverance

A Psalm of David when he fled from Absalom his son.

Lord, how they have increased who trouble me!
Many are they who rise up against me.

Many are they who say of me,
There is no help for him in God.” Selah

But You, O Lord, are a shield for me,
My glory and the One who lifts up my head.
4 I cried to the Lord with my voice,
And He heard me from His holy hill. Selah

I lay down and slept;
I awoke, for the Lord sustained me.

I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people
Who have set themselves against me all around.

Arise, O Lord;
Save me, O my God!
For You have struck all my enemies on the cheekbone;
You have broken the teeth of the ungodly.

Salvation belongs to the Lord.
Your blessing is upon Your people. Selah

Psalm 3 (NKJV)

Historical Context of Psalm 3 (Background)

Although Psalm 3’s historical setting is unknown, like many other Psalms, it probably reflects the author, King David, during his time serving as the king of Israel.

Psalm 3 may have been composed in response to David’s fight with Absalom, his own son, who tried to overthrow him, according to some commentaries.

Even in the face of resistance and adversity, David shows his faith in God’s protection and direction in this psalm.

Literary Structure of Psalm 3

The literary style of Psalm 3 is frequently referred to as a lament, a kind of psalm in which the speaker communicates profound regret or disappointment to God.

The psalm is divided into three sections:

  • A plea for assistance (verses 1-2),
  • Assurance of God’s protection (verses 3-4), and
  • A confession of confidence in God’s victory (verses 5-8).

Key Themes in Psalm 3

The key themes in Psalm 3 are:

  • Trust in God: The psalmist declares his reliance on God for defense and deliverance from his adversaries.
  • God’s sovereignty: The psalmist believes that God will ultimately triumph over his foes and admits that he rules over everything, including them (his enemies).
  • Confidence in God’s protection: Even in the presence of numerous enemies, the psalmist boldly professes his confidence in God’s ultimate protection.
  • Repentance: As the psalmist begs God for mercy and assistance, there may also be a hint of repentance throughout the psalm.

Each of these themes highlights the psalmist’s reliance on God for protection and deliverance despite the challenges he is experiencing.

The psalm serves as a reminder to believers today to put their faith in God’s omnipotence and protection even in trying situations.

Key Verses in Psalm 3

Psalm 3 has several key verses that play a significant role in the overall message of the psalm.

Verse 1-2: “Lord, how they have increased who trouble me! Many are they who rise up against me. Many are they who say of me, “There is no help for him in God.” Selah”

These passages convey David’s anguish and his foes’ opposition to him.

Verse 3: “But You, O Lord, are a shield for me, My glory and the One who lifts up my head.”

This verse highlights David’s reliance on God’s protection and his sense of well-being in the presence of God.

Verse 4-5: “I cried to the Lord with my voice, And He heard me from His holy hill. Selah5 I lay down and slept; I awoke, for the Lord sustained me.

These lines detail David’s prayer to God and the serenity and relaxation he experienced as a result of his trust in God.

Verse 8: “Salvation belongs to the Lord. Your blessing is upon Your people. Selah.”

This verse supports David’s conviction that God saves his people and gives them blessings.

The concepts of trusting God, finding refuge in God, and depending on God for security and salvation are all illustrated in these crucial verses.

Interpretation of Psalm 3

The psalm serves as a reminder that even in the direst of situations, God is always with us and will save us.

In the end, the author discovers the comfort and tranquility that come from trusting in God, and he exhorts others to do the same.

What is the relevance of Psalm 3 for the Christian?

Psalm 3 is relevant for Christians in the present dispensation as it speaks to the theme of trust in God, even in the face of troubles and revolting enemies.

The psalm reminds us of the power and protection that God provides and encourages us to seek refuge in him. Meaning, despite the opposition and troubles we may face, we can have confidence in the Lord’s love and care for us.

The psalm also teaches us to call out to God in prayer, declaring our dependence on him and seeking his help.

Ultimately, Psalm 3 encourages us to trust in the Lord, even in difficult circumstances, and to find peace and security in his love and care for us.

FAQs on Psalm 3 Commentary

What is the main point of Psalm 3?

The main point of Psalm 3 is trust and reliance on God for protection and help in times of trouble. King David expressed his confidence in God’s power to deliver him from his enemies, who were threatening his dear life.

The Psalm ends with a declaration of trust in God’s ability to bring him to safety, and bless him with peace and rest. Throughout the Psalm, King David acknowledges the sovereignty of God to deliver him from harm.

What is the short message of Psalm 3?

The short message of Psalm 3 is for believers to trust in God even in the face of difficulties and fear.

What is the historical background of Psalm 3?

The historical background of Psalm 3 is that it was sung by King David when he was fleeing from his own son Absalom, who wanted to overthrow him and take the throne.

This psalm provides a reminder to the believer of the importance of turning to God in times of distress and total reliance on Him for protection and comfort.

What kind of lament is Psalm 3?

Psalm 3 is a personal lament. In this type of lament, the psalmist is expressing his own personal pain and suffering and seeking help and comfort from God.

What are the discussion questions in Psalm 3?

– What does David express about his situation and feelings?
– How does David turn to God for help?
– What does David trust God to do for him?
– How does David express his confidence in God’s protection?
– How does he describe his enemies and their actions?
– How does he view the outcome of his situation?
– What does he tell others about his trust in God?
– How does David show gratitude to God?
– How does Psalm 3 relate to your own experiences of seeking God’s help and protection?
– In what ways can you apply the lessons of Psalm 3 to your own life?

Conclusion to Psalm 3

The discussion so far points to a reminder in Psalm 3 that we rely on God to aid us and provide us victory since He is our fortress and protector in difficult circumstances.

The psalm instructs us to put our faith in God’s omnipotence and love and to find solace and security in his presence when we are faced with opposition and adversity.

We are also exhorted to pray to God and to have faith that he hears and responds. The end of Psalm 3 serves as a reminder to always put our trust in God, to know that He is with us, and to know that He will provide the peace and strength we need to get through any challenge.

Use Psalm 3 to say a prayer

Our Lord,

I come to you today with a heart full of gratitude and trust. In times of trouble and uncertainty, I find comfort in the knowledge that You are always with me. I am grateful for the awesome protection you provide me and the peace that you bring to my heart always.

As I reflect on the words of Psalm 3, I am reminded of your love, care, and protection for me. You are my true shield and my glory, and I trust in your steadfast love. I know that you lift up my head and give me strength in the face of all the difficulties I face.

As I pray, I ask that you continue to give me the peace, protection, and courage I need to face each day. Help me to trust in you, even when it is difficult, and to find comfort in the knowledge that you are always by my side.

Thank you, Lord, for your care, grace, and mercy. I pray this in Jesus’ mighty name.